Steering and Dashboard

Dash side before

Badly damaged dashboard

This shows the dashboard (inside) view of the dashboard-firewall. The vernier is in terrible shape and the core boards are split (hidden under vernier).  We sent this out to Jeff Nilson, a superb woodworker who did two custom mantles and a custom door on our house remodel. He did a great job replacing the vernier and aligning all the holes while re-gluing & preserving the core boards.

Unstained repaired dashboard

Unstained repaired dashboard

I added a wood stain that matched as close as I could get to the vernier that was preserved under the coil box for the magneto.

Stain for dashboard

Stain for dashboard

Stained but unfinished dashboard

Stained but unfinished dashboard

I will add a photo of the dashboard / firewall with polyurethane finish at some point in the future.

 

 

While the dash was out getting rebuilt and fixed by Jeff Nilson, I removed and disassembled the steering wheel, steering column and steering gear. The steering wheel has controls for the accelerator and spark advance. These are the two levers attached to the half circle in the middle of the steering wheel.  This sort of control was very common for cars of this era.

CIMG0541

Steering wheel & quadrant- Sept. 17, 2011– Fresh out of the barn

CIMG0540

Another angle of the steering wheel, quadrant, column and pedals – This is a right-hand drive car.

The control rod and tubes run down the center of the steering column. They are concentric within one another. and pull out when the gear on the other end is removed. The center lever & rod appear to control the accelerator. The next concentric tube controls the spark advance.

control rods steeringThe column disassembles to look like this, when laid out next to each other.

Disassembled steering column. Center rod and 3 concentric tubes.

Disassembled steering column. Center rod and 3 concentric tubes.

Here is another view that shows each of the tubes. The shorter fat tube is the cosmetic outer column that goes into the passenger compartment. You will observe that this nickel plated tube is very oxidized. Attempts to clean it were a failure with the plating peeling off in sections.

Steering column disassembled -another view

Steering column disassembled -another view

Here is what the steering wheel and re-plated column look like.

Refinished steering wheel, polished aluminum spider & re-plated nickel column

Refinished steering wheel, polished aluminum spider & re-plated nickel column

This is a picture of the steering gear, throttle and spark controls as they appeared when the car came out of the barn. The GEMMER steering gear is one of the few manufacturer’s labels on this car. GEMMER was a very popular manufacturer and their steering set-ups were used in many other cars. I understand that GEMMER survived into the 1950’s as a maker of steering gears and columns.

Steering & pitman before

Here is another photo of the steering column that shows the dashboard removed and the relationship between the dashboard mount. The cosmetic column cover section goes through the bracket and extends a few inches past the bracket. It is grey in this photo, not the shiny nickel plated restored version. What is NOT shown in this photo is the intake pipe and carburetor which would partially block the view of the steering gear.

Wheel, steering, column engineHere is an advertisement for the GEMMER steering gear from 1913. Our model appears to be the Model “O” or “K”, but probably “O”.

Gemmer Ad – 1913

Here is an engineering drawing of the Model “O” steering gear.

Gemmer Model “O” diagram from The Automobile, Oct. 20, 1910, at page 658

 

 

 

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